great question, the query really shines when you start layering data manipulation clauses and functions. We'll cover clauses first, then data manipulation functions, and finally we'll move on to Google Sheets which will help you apply all of this. QUERY function clauses Clauses are essential to every query (literally, it won't work without them!) and basically tell our query what to do. This is where specify the data we aim to return to us. We have already used one, the SELECT clause. This clause specifies which columns to return and in what order.